Human trafficking victims are seen by healthcare providers, but the research shows that they are unlikely to be identified as victims during these encounters.  This toolkit provides a curated list of resources for those interested in learning about the intersection of healthcare and human trafficking.  If you would like to dive deeper, HEAL Trafficking, an organization dedicated to ending human trafficking from a public health perspective, is a good place to start.

Last updated: September 2020

Health care and human trafficking, introductory resources


Fact-Sheet: Human Trafficking and Healthcare Providers

  • This is a twelve page fact sheet produced by Human Trafficking Legal Center and HEAL Trafficking. It provides lessons learned about the intersection of human trafficking and healthcare from federal criminal indictments and civil trafficking cases.


On Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

  • This report by Polaris explores the intersection between various industries and human trafficking, including the healthcare industry.

Health Care Providers’ Training Needs Related to Human Trafficking: Maximizing the Opportunity to Effectively Screen and Intervene

  • This article reviews healthcare needs of human trafficking victims and the training required for frontline workers to effectively screen and help identify victims.
Videos and training materials

Webinar: The Public Health Framework to Address Human Trafficking

  • This one hour webinar introduces a public health framework for human trafficking, which allows communities to identify and respond to the complex needs of all survivors of human trafficking while addressing the root causes that make individuals, families, and communities vulnerable to trafficking.


SOAR for Public Health

  • Individuals who have experienced human trafficking or are at risk of human trafficking access a variety of services. This module provides public health professionals with tailored information on how to identify and respond to human trafficking within their field. For additional SOAR trainings, view their course catalog here.


Intervention in Human Trafficking Through Health Care

  • Susie Baldwin is a Public Health and Preventive Medicine physician whose career has focused on sexual and reproductive health, women’s health, epidemiology, and supporting survivors of human trafficking through clinical care, research, training and advocacy. In this talk, she recounts stories of trafficked people to illustrate the importance of teaching health professionals to recognize the invisible signs of human trafficking and provide trauma-informed care to patients suffering from this hidden crime.


Introductory Training on Human Trafficking for U.S. Health Care Professionals

  • This document provides what HEAL Trafficking’s Education and Training committee has identified as essential elements to include in a basic healthcare and human trafficking training.


Human Trafficking, Review of Educational Resources for Health Professionals

  • This document provides information on educational resources, format of the resource(webinar, article, toolkit, handbook, etc), intended audience, and topic areas.


Assessment Tool for Health Care Provider Human Trafficking Training

  • This tool was created by HEAL Trafficking and the Laboratory to Combat Human Trafficking. It aims to help organizations assess the degree to which their training and education program or project is comprehensive and trauma-informed, and identify areas for improvement. 


10 Signs of Human Trafficking in Medical Care

  • Physician’s Weekly provides information on ten signs healthcare provides should look for to help identify trafficking victims.


State and professional association engagement

Expanding and Coordinating Human Trafficking-Related Public Health Research, Evaluation, Education, and Prevention

  • This is the American Public Health Association’s policy statement on human trafficking and health care.


Human Trafficking and the Health Care System

  • The National Conference of State Legislatures provides an overview of the issue, and provides information on some of the state and federal level engagement on the intersection of healthcare and human trafficking.

New York State Resources for Health Care Professionals

  • A set of resources compiled by the State of New York for health care professionals to help them identify trafficking victims.

American Hospital Association: Combating Human Trafficking

  • A series of videos and resources to help hospital workers identify and assist human trafficking victims.