According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), between 20 and 40 million individuals are victims of trafficking in persons, also known as modern slavery. This chapter has five goals. The first goal is to discuss the recruitment of individuals into modern slavery. The second goal is to examine the risk factors associated with modern slavery. The third goal is to discuss the fate of African slaves, drawing several parallels to the Transatlantic Slave Trade and modern slavery. The fourth goal is to compare historical and modern slavery. The final goal is to examine the strides that policy, the law, and mental health professionals have made to help eradicate modern slavery and help victims of human trafficking to successfully integrate into society.
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