This research report was produced by The Remedy Project and with the generous support of the Freedom Fund. The development of the case studies for this report was supported by research from consultants Anna Sher, Diana Novoa, Liva Sreedharan, Musa Nkuna, Nanchanok Wongsamuth, and Pramod Acharya. The authors would like to gratefully thank the 53 workers and rights holders who agreed to be interviewed on an anonymous basis for this report, as well as the civil society groups, experts, and other stakeholders listed in Annex 1 who were interviewed for this report.
This report does not seek to identify, nor does it allege, the existence of forced labour or other legal or human rights violations by any company or individual. Nor does it seek to verify, corroborate, or support the conclusions reached by US Customs and Border Protection in any case. Nothing in this report is legal advice.
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Freedom Fund, and/or any other contributor to this report.
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