Sexual violence at each stage of human trafficking cycle and associated factors
Human trafficking has been recognised as a concern of health and human rights violations among men, women and children. It has been defined as the ‘recruitment, transportation, or harbouring of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion for the purpose of exploitation’. Though it was difficult to determine the magnitude of human trafficking due to its clandestine nature, an earlier assessment conservatively estimated that about 600000–800000 people were trafficked across international borders each year. It also indicated that about 80% of those trafficking victims were women and girls. The trafficking of women and girls may be for the purpose of exploitations such as in sex trafficking, labour trafficking and organ removal.Human trafficking remains a challenging practice in Ethiopia that women and girls are usually trafficked into the Middle East mainly for domestic servitude and sometimes for sexual exploitation.
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