2016 | Olena Valdenmaiier, Sirle Blumberg

The primary focus of this report is on providing a better understanding of the exploitative dimension of sham marriage arrangements. Estonian citizens were previously found to have been recruited for sham marriages abroad, which are meant to legalize the status of third-country nationals wishing to obtain residence permits in other Member States. With that in mind, we can infer that Estonia serves as a source country for people who are recruited in sham marriages for the purpose of migration fraud, including exploitative sham marriages, in other EU countries.